08-20-2008, 07:37 PM
Join Date: Oct 2000
Location: Chicago, IL
Feedback Score: 2 reviews
How to replace and adjust Throttle Position Sensor (TPS)
Know that there are already several threads on this, but I didn't find any of the directions clear enough for this very easy job.
Problem: I had terrible hesitation/stumbling/misfiring at low RPMs (<3200) and fuel economy sometimes as bad as 16mpg. Went through troubleshooting everything--ignition, spark, ECU, fuel, MAP sensor, etc. In short, check the TPS early since it's relatively easy to do so.
Tools: 12mm socket and driver, screwdrivers, multimeter
Parts: New TPS. I got an Omnipower TPS on eBay for $29.
How to Replace:
1. Remove throttle body - very straighforward, remove 3 12mm bolts and 2 12mm nuts, disconnect all vacuum lines, disconnect TPS and MAP plugs, disconnect intake. Once these are off, just lift the TB off the bolts/studs and turn it on its side. On the side facing the firewall, you'll see the TPS.
2. Remove TPS - on my 97 5g, there were 2 Torx screws holding on the TPS, so it was very easy to remove. For later models there are machine screws that you'll have to use a dremel to cut a slot in and remove with a flathead screwdriver.
3. Bolt on replacement TPS - Your new TPS should come with some hex replacement screws. Tighten these loosely so you can still turn the TPS.
How to Test:
1. Plug the TPS harness into the new TPS.
2. You'll see three wires exiting the cars wiring harness that you just plugged into the TPS. Take a paperclip, straighten out half of it, and shove it into where the middle wire exits the harness. You'll feel it when the paperclip touches metal.
3. Hook up your mulimeter test leads - nice if you have alligator clips, positive to the paperclip, negative to any ground in the engine bay. Set your multimeter to the 20V position.
4. Turn you ignition key to the Acc position. Do not turn on the car.
5. Go back and check your mulitmeter. You should be seeing something in the range of .5V give or take a few tenths.
6. Now adjust - first, turn the throttle by hand to the WOT position. While holding it there, turn the TPS until you get a reading of 4.5V. This is your target reading for WOT. Tighten down the screws. Let go of the throttle and let it go to full closed. You should see something around .5V. The specified range in the Honda manual is .5V closed and 4.5V WOT. There's been debate on this forum whether to set using WOT or closed. I went with WOT. Fortunately my values ended up being exactly .5V and 4.5V anyway.
7. Congrats! You're done. Just reinstall your throttle body. Be sure to double check you have all the vacuum lines in the right places.
Enjoy your new and perfectly calibrated TPS.